The Deputy Commissioners serve as judges in hearings for contested cases.
The page was last updated on 26 August 2015.
DEPUTY COMMISSIONER INDEX
Chief Deputy Commissioner: Christopher C. Loutit. Deputy Commissioners: Philip A. Baddour III | J. Brad Donovan | James C. Gillen | Lori A. Gaines | George T. Glenn II | Melanie Wade Goodwin | Myra L. Griffin | Sumit Gupta | Robert J. Harris | Phillip A. Holmes | David M. "Mark" Hullender | Kim Ledford | Thomas H. Perlungher | Adrian A. Phillips | William H. "Bill" Shipley | Michael Silver | Leigha B. Sink | Chrystal Redding Stanback | Wanda Blanche Taylor | Jesse M. "Jay" Tillman.
Chief Deputy Commissioner's Biography
Christopher C. Loutit was sworn in as Chief Deputy Commissioner of the North Carolina Industrial Commission on January 3, 2014. He previously served as Administrator of the Commission.
Before joining the Commission, he was a Partner at the Wilmington law firm Johnson, Lambeth & Brown, where he joined as an Associate Attorney in 2006. His practice focused in the areas of criminal law and general civil litigation, representing both Plaintiffs and Defendants. From 2006 to 2013, he represented New Hanover County as a Child Support (Title IV-D) Enforcement Attorney. Prior to attending law school, he began his career as an Analyst in Corporate Finance in the Investment Banking Division of UBS in New York.
Mr. Loutit grew up in Wilmington. He graduated from The Lawrenceville School, received his B.A. in History from Trinity College, and earned his law degree from American University Washington College of Law. He lives in Raleigh with his wife, Lauren, a Senior Vice President at U.S. Trust, and their daughter, Amelia.
E-mail Chief Deputy Commissioner Loutit at Christopher.Loutit@ic.nc.gov or contact Chief Deputy Commissioner Loutit's trial court administrator, Sandra Cortes, at (919) 807-2559 or Sandra.Cortes@ic.nc.gov, or his administrative assistant, Patricia A. Hixson, at (919) 807-2675 or Patricia.Hixson@ic.nc.gov.
Deputy Commissioners' Biographies
Philip A. Baddour III joined the Industrial Commission as a Deputy Commissioner on November 1, 2000. He received his B.A. degree from the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill in 1992. Before entering law school, he served as a Legislative Assistant to Congressman Martin Lancaster. He earned his law degree from Campbell University and was admitted to the North Carolina Bar in 1996.
From 1996 to 1999, Mr. Baddour practiced law in Goldsboro, N.C., primarily in the areas of personal injury and workers' compensation. In 1999, he joined the North Carolina Attorney General's Office as an Assistant Attorney General in the Tort Claims Section. As an Assistant Attorney General, he represented state agencies in workers' compensation and tort claim actions. Mr. Baddour also serves as a First Lieutenant in the North Carolina National Guard.
J. Brad Donovan came to the Industrial Commission in 1997 as a Special Deputy Commissioner and was appointed as a Deputy Commissioner of the Industrial Commission on 1 October 2003. Prior to that time, he spent two years as a clerk in the Raleigh law firm of Edmisten and Weaver and eight years as a member of Staff Counsel to the North Carolina Court of Appeals.
Mr. Donovan graduated from the University of Kansas with a Bachelor of Science degree in secondary language arts education. He spent four years as a street artist and club musician on Bourbon Street in New Orleans, and another four years as a musician and carpenter in Greenwich Village, New York.
He came to North Carolina in 1983 and worked as a residential carpenter while attending the evening program law school at North Carolina Central University in Durham, where he graduated with honors in 1989. He was the Assistant Editor in Chief of the N.C. Central Law Journal and has published law review articles in the areas of family law (The Seventeen Percent Solution, 18-2 N.C. Cent. L.J. 209 (1989)), and appellate practice (The Substantial Rights Doctrine and Interlocutory Appeals,17-1 Campbell L. Rev. 71 (1995)). He is a member of the Wake County Bar Association and is a DRC Certified Mediator.
Mr. Donovan is married to Melissa Donovan, an appellate paralegal at a Raleigh law firm, and has one child.
Lori A. Gaines joined the Industrial Commission in August 2015 after working in private practice with the Lea Schultz Law Firm in Wilmington. Gaines has more than 15 years of legal experience in workers’ compensation, criminal defense, and family law matters. Gaines’ previous experience includes handling workers’ compensation issues for the North Carolina Department of Public Safety, and serving as the Family Court Administrator in Wilmington.
She is a past president of the New Hanover County Bar Association and was appointed to the Commission on Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention by former Chief Justice I. Beverly Lake. Gaines is a graduate of both the University of North Carolina at Wilmington and Campbell University School of Law.
James C. Gillen was appointed as a Deputy Commissioner on May 5, 2005. He received his B.A. degree in English from North Carolina State University in 1991 and his J.D. degree from Campbell University in 1994.
Jim Gillen has worked with the Industrial Commission as an Agency Legal Specialist for former Chief Deputy Commissioner William Haigh as well as Commissioners Laura Kranifeld Mavretic, Thomas J. Bolch, and most recently Christopher Scott. Mr. Gillen also worked as a Special Deputy Commissioner under Executive Secretary Tracey Weaver.
George T. Glenn II earned a B.S. Degree from North Carolina A&T State University in 1975 and a J.D. Degree from North Carolina Central University School of Law in 1982. Prior to his becoming a Deputy Commissioner with the N.C. Industrial Commission on January 1, 1995, he was a partner in the law firm of Barbee & Glenn.
Mr. Glenn taught school in Greensboro before entering the field of law. He is presently the President of the Gate City Chapter of North Carolina A&T State University Alumni Association, and he has served as a member and chair of the Greensboro Board of Adjustments, and a member of the State Board of Examiners of Electrical Contractors and the Executive Council of the General Greene chapter of the Boy Scouts of America. He is married and has three children.
Melanie Wade Goodwin was appointed as a Deputy Commissioner on July 8, 2011. In 1992, she earned a B.A. in English from the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. Before returning to law school, she worked with the North Carolina Council for Women as an advocate for women and families.
Ms. Goodwin earned her J.D. from Campbell University School of Law, and she was admitted to the North Carolina State Bar in 2000. She established and maintained a private practice in Richmond County for almost 10 years, focusing primarily in the area of family law.
Between 2004 and 2010, the people of Richmond and Montgomery Counties elected Ms. Goodwin three times to serve them in the North Carolina House of Representatives. Following her legislative service, she relocated to Raleigh with her spouse Wayne Goodwin, who serves as the elected N.C. Insurance Commissioner, and their two children.
E-mail Deputy Commissioner Goodwin at Melanie.Wade.Goodwin@ic.nc.gov or contact her administrative assistant, Mackenzie Fretz, at (919) 807-2529 or Mackenzie.Fretz@ic.nc.gov or her penalty/contempt assistant, Kim Campbell, at (919) 807-2653 or Kim.Campbell@ic.nc.gov.
Myra L. Griffin was appointed as a Deputy Commissioner on February 18, 2005. She received her B.A. degree in Political Science from the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill in 1994 and her J.D. degree, cum laude, from North Carolina Central University School of Law in 1997.
She has worked with the Industrial Commission as an Agency Legal Specialist for former Commissioner Reneé C. Riggsbee and as a Special Deputy Commissioner. Before her appointment as a Deputy Commissioner, Ms. Griffin worked as an Assistant Attorney General with the Tort Claims Section of the N.C. Department of Justice. In this capacity, she served as Agency Counsel to the Industrial Commission and Prosecutor with the Workers' Compensation Fraud Investigations Unit.
Sumit Gupta was sworn in as Deputy Commissioner of the North Carolina Industrial Commission on October 16, 2014. He previously served as General Counsel of the Commission.
Before joining the Commission, he was a partner at the law firm of Stewart, Schmidlin, Bullock & Gupta in Smithfield, NC. His practice focused in the areas of criminal law and general civil litigation. From 2008 to 2012, he served as an Assistant District Attorney in North Carolina's 11th Prosecutorial District where he prosecuted cases in Johnston County, Harnett County, and Lee County.
Mr. Gupta grew up in Smithfield, NC and graduated from Smithfield-Selma High School in 1997. He received his B.A. degree in Political Science from the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill and earned his Juris Doctor and Master's in Business Administration degrees from Wake Forest University.
Robert J. Harris was born in Cincinnati in 1967 and moved to North Carolina at 20 months of age. He grew up in Raleigh and went to high school there, also attaining the rank of Eagle Scout.
He received his B.A. degree in English and philosophy from Yale University in 1989. Returning to North Carolina, he lived and worked as a newspaper reporter in Johnston County for nearly two years. He then went to the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill School of Law, from which he graduated with his J.D. degree in 1994.
From 1994 through his joining the N.C. Industrial Commission in 2003, he practiced law in Raleigh, concentrating in employment law. With the Industrial Commission, he served as a Special Deputy Commissioner until his appointment as a Deputy Commissioner in 2005.
He is married and has two children.
Phillip A. Holmes of Hillsborough received his A.B. degree in Political Science from the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill in 1972. He also obtained a Master's Degree in Sports Administration from Ohio University in 1975 and obtained his J.D. Degree from Campbell University School of Law in 1980.
Mr. Holmes has practiced criminal law for 14 years as both a prosecutor and as a criminal defense attorney. He comes to the N.C. Industrial Commission from the District Attorney's Office in Durham. He has also been an Assistant District Attorney in Greensboro and Asheboro.
Mr. Holmes was sworn in as a Deputy Commissioner on July 7, 1995.
David M. "Mark" Hullender joined the Industrial Commission on April 20, 2015, after winding down his private practice with the firm of David M. Hullender, P.A. in Kings Mountain, North Carolina. Prior to starting his own firm, Hullender was an associate with George B. Thomasson, P.A. from 1990 until 2001. Hullender serves on the North Carolina Indigent Defense Services Commission and is the chairman of the Kings Mountain ABC Board. He is a graduate of the University of North Carolina, North Carolina Central University Law School, magna cum laude, and earned an LL.M in Taxation from the University of Florida School of Law.
Kim Ledford received a B.A. degree in Political Science and Psychology from the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill in 1978. Prior to entering law school, she worked as a paralegal for Jones Key Melvin and Patton in Franklin, N.C. and as a staff assistant to Congressman Lamar Gudger. Ms. Ledford received her J.D. degree from Wake Forest University School of Law in 1983, and upon graduation she was awarded the Order of the Barristers.
She was admitted to practice in North Carolina in 1983 and has worked as a Law Clerk at the N.C. Industrial Commission (1983-84), as an Agency Legal Specialist at the N.C. Department of Correction (1984-85), as an Assistant Attorney General in the Tort Claims Section of the N.C. Department of Justice (1986-91), and as a Claims Counsel at Lawyers Mutual Liability Insurance Company (1991-94). Ms. Ledford was sworn in as a Deputy Commissioner in October 1994.
Thomas H. Perlungher was appointed as a Deputy Commissioner on April 23, 2015. He is a Phi Beta Kappa graduate of the University of Vermont and earned his J.D. from Wake Forest University School of Law in 2002. He had previously served as Law Clerk at the Industrial Commission since 2010 for Commissioner Danny Lee McDonald and, most recently, for Chairman Andrew T. Heath.
Before joining the Commission, Mr. Perlungher was a Hearing Officer at the Division of Employment Security; and from 2004 to 2008, he served as an Assistant District Attorney in North Carolina's 8th District, where he prosecuted cases in Wayne, Lenoir, and Greene counties. Prior to his work as an Assistant District Attorney in North Carolina, he practiced Real Estate law in Massachusetts from 2002 to 2004.
The appointment of Adrian A. Phillips as Deputy Commissioner was announced on May 9, 2002. She holds a B.S. degree in Chemistry from Bennett College and earned a J.D. degree from North Carolina Central University in 1993. Before her appointment as Deputy Commissioner, she worked as an Assistant Attorney General in the Tort Claims Section of the Department of Justice and she was assigned to the Industrial Commission as Agency Counsel for the Industrial Commission and Fraud Prosecutor for the Commission's Fraud Investigations Section. Ms. Phillips formerly prosecuted Medicaid fraud cases for the Department of Justice. While working in the Medicaid Fraud Division during 1998-2000, she served as Supervisor and Prosecutor of white-collar crime. Ms. Phillips also has served as an Assistant District Attorney in District 9A (Caswell and Person Counties) from 1994 through 1998.
John C. Schafer joined the N.C. Industrial Commission as
its Dispute Resolution Coordinator in April of 1997. Since June of 1999, he has
also been Deputy Commissioner in Charge of Mediation.
Mr. Schafer is a graduate of the University of Notre Dame, and received a J.D. degree from the Wake Forest University School of Law in 1984. At Wake Forest, Mr. Schafer was the Chief Justice of the Moot Court Board, finished in first place and received the best brief award in the southeast region of the National Moot Court Competition, finished in first place in the southeast region of the National Trial Competition, and received the Order of the Barristers Award.
After receiving his law degree, Mr. Schafer served as law clerk to Honorable W. Earl Britt, Chief Judge of the United States District Court for the Eastern District of North Carolina, from 1984 through 1986. From 1986 through 1997, Mr. Schafer practiced law in the Triangle area. His primary practice area was civil litigation in state and federal courts, and he also served as a mediator and arbitrator in cases pending before the Industrial Commission, Office of Administrative Hearings, American Arbitration Association, as well as in state and federal courts.
Mr. Schafer has served as the Co-Chair of the ADR Book Committee, a joint committee of the North Carolina Dispute Resolution Commission (DRC) and the Dispute Resolution Section of the North Carolina Bar Association (NCBA), which wrote and published the book titled "Alternative Dispute Resolution in North Carolina: A New Civil Procedure" (2003). Mr. Schafer has also served as the Chair (1999-2000), Vice-Chair (1998-99), and Secretary (1997-98) of the NCBA's Dispute Resolution Section, and is currently an ex-officio member of the ADR Committee of the State Judicial Council and the DRC. He is the 2011 recipient of the NCBA's Peace Award.
He is married to attorney Allison B. Schafer, legal counsel and director of policy for the N.C. School Boards Association, and has two children.
William H. "Bill" Shipley was sworn in as a Deputy Commissioner in February of 2015. Previously, he practiced workers' compensation law with the firm of Willson Jones Carter & Baxley, PA in Columbia, South Carolina. From 2008 to 2012, he was a prosecutor for the Fourteenth Judicial Circuit Solicitor's Office in South Carolina. After graduating from law school, Shipley clerked for United States District Court Judges N. Carlton Tilley, Jr. and James A. Beaty, Jr.
A Winston-Salem native, he graduated from R.J. Reynolds High School, Wofford College, and the University of South Carolina Law School. Shipley is admitted to practice law in North Carolina and South Carolina.
Michael Silver began his term as a Deputy Commissioner in August 2015. He previously served as an Assistant District Attorney at the Forsyth County District Attorney’s Office, where he prosecuted over 45 felony trials including a capital murder trial where the defendant received the death penalty. He also has successfully litigated a range of cases leading to over 750 felony convictions.
Mr. Silver earned his B.S. in elementary education from North Carolina A&T State University and taught 5th grade at an elementary school in High Point, North Carolina. He later earned his law degree from North Carolina Central University School of Law and a master's degree in public administration from the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.
Mike Silver is an active big brother with Big Brothers/Big Sisters and a Governor McCrory appointee to the North Carolina Domestic Violence Commission. He serves on the board of directors for the Riverrun International Film Festival. He is also serves as an adjunct professor in the justice studies program at Forsyth Technical Community College. Mr. Silver frequently lectures at Wake Forest School of law and has been named most likely to "Leave Major Footprints in the City" by the Winston-Salem Journal.
Leigha Blackwell Sink joined the Industrial Commission as Deputy Commissioner in August 2015. She previously practiced workers’ compensation law with the firm of Gallivan, White & Boyd, P.A. Prior to her time in private practice, she served as an Assistant Attorney General for the South Carolina Attorney General’s Office, and clerked for South Carolina Circuit Court Judge Edgar W. Dickson.
Ms. Sink is a graduate of the University of North Carolina, and earned her law degree from the University of South Carolina. She is admitted to practice law in both North Carolina and South Carolina.
She lives in Charlotte with her husband, Jonathan, who works as Associate General Counsel for Charlotte-Mecklenburg Schools, and their son, Davis. They enjoy participating in the church community of First Baptist Charlotte and spending time with friends and family.
Deputy Commissioner Chrystal Redding Stanback received her undergraduate degree in International Studies from the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill in 1988 and her law school degree from the University of North Carolina School of Law in 1991. She then entered the private practice of law in Greensboro and Henderson, N.C., before coming to the N.C. Industrial Commission in January 1995. Ms. Stanback served as an agency legal specialist and assistant to the Mediation Coordinator until being named as a Deputy Commissioner in June 1995.
Wanda Blanche Taylor has been a Deputy Commissioner with the N.C. Industrial Commission since 1996. She served as Chief Deputy Commissioner from February 1, 2009 to December 31, 2013.
Ms. Taylor received her B.A. degree from Duke University in 1984 and received her law degree from the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill Law School in 1987. Ms. Taylor spent eight years in private practice civil litigation involved primarily in medical malpractice, toxic tort, personal injury, and employment litigation.
She is licensed to practice in North Carolina and admitted to practice before all North Carolina State and Federal Courts as well as the United States Supreme Court. Ms. Taylor was most recently with the law firms of McNair & Sanford and The Sanford Law Firm. She became a Deputy Commissioner with the Industrial Commission in February 1996.
Jesse M. "Jay" Tillman was appointed as a Deputy Commissioner of the North Carolina Industrial Commission in August of 2015. Before joining the Commission, he practiced with The Bond Helfing Law Group in Charlotte, NC and spent eight years in both the Raleigh and Charlotte offices of Cranfill, Sumner, and Hartzog, LLP, concentrating in the areas of personal injury, products liability, and real property liability. He is admitted to practice law in both North Carolina and South Carolina.
Mr. Tillman is also a Captain in the United States Navy (reserve component) and recently served as the Occupational Safety and Operations Risk Management Officer to the Commander of Fifth Fleet in Bahrain. He has been active in Operations Desert Shield, Desert Storm, Southern Watch, Iraqi Freedom, Enduring Freedom, and Inherent Resolve.
Jay Tillman grew up in Durham, North Carolina. He received his B.A. in English from the University of North Carolina and earned his law degree from the Campbell University School of Law. He lives in Charlotte with his wife, Carolyn, and his two sons, James and Joshua.